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Niska Banja through history

There are the archeological evidences that prove the existence of a settlement in the area of Niska Banja in the ancient times as well as some traces of a settlement from the Bronze and Iron Age. Niska Banja progressed especially in the Roman period ( 2nd century BC, during the rule of emperor Hadrian). The first Roman baths were built at that time and since then it is known as health resort – spa.
In the Ottoman period, Niska Banja was also one of the well-known health centers in this part of Europe, and Turks built several “khans“ – the roadside inns where travellers could rest and recover from the day’s journey.

staraniskabanjaEven Serbian rulers enjoyed the benefits of Niska Banja. The Obrenovic family had their own cottage, and the last royal couple of the dynasty, the king Aleksandar Obrenovic and the queen Draga Masin, had their own bench for rest in a peaceful greenness of Niska Banja. Water from the well-known fountain “Skolska cesma“ was used for medical treatment by initially the prince regent and eventually the king, Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic. He used to reside in villa “Jela”, which is today called “Kraljevska Vila” (Royal Villa). In fact, this villa was a property of Jovan Todorovic, then court-lawyer. The inhabitants loved the king Aleksandar and were fascinated by his natural behavour. The king used to walk alone without security, talk with the inhabitants, visit the local hosts... The news of his tragical death in Marseilles were very painful for the people of Niska Banja.

The villas which left from that period ( Villa “Teokarevic”, Villa “Zone” of Dragisa Cvetkovic, Villa “Jela”, villa of contemporary owner of clothing factory “Nitex”, and many others speak a lot about the significance of Niska Banja before the World War II, as well as the evidence that there were many large structures built in a few years and are still working and significant for Niska Banja. From 1932 to 1935 there were built the hotel “Srbija”, “Zelengora” rehabilitation center and the hotel “Partizan”. In that time Niska Banja started to develop following the example of contemporary mundane European spas and it was an attraction for politicians, rich merchants, factory owners, guests, as well as investors who were building their own villas and pansions, bringing a pre-war European spirit to Niska Banja.

radonA new era for Niska Banja and then establishment, but present the Institute “Niska Banja”, began in 1974 with building of “Radon” rehabilitation center. After that Niska Banja got a rehabilitation center of a huge capacity, equipped with brand new advanced devices, modern and indoor circulating pool with hot water. A lot of high educated experts generations have passed and still are passing through “Radon”.

termeThe next very important year for developing of Niska Banja and the Insitute “Niska Banja” is 1981. This was a year that the three pre-war villas, including villa “Zone” (initially owned by a prime minister of Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Dragisa Cvetkovic), were basically adapted and “Terme” rehabilitation center was built, which represents one of the symbols of Niska Banja.

 

 

 

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